Welcome to the 1960s. This era saw tremendous changes in Barry Farm–Hillsdale. Local residents organized to fight for civil rights and improvements in living conditions. Changes in zoning led to single-family houses being replaced by multi-family apartment buildings. Many new residents moved into Barry Farm–Hillsdale from other parts of the city, and the neighborhood became more densely populated.
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In the 1960s, the city changed the zoning for much of Barry Farm–Hillsdale from single-family houses to apartment buildings. By 1970, more than 75 percent of residential land in Anacostia and Barry Farm–Hillsdale was zoned for apartment buildings, compared to just 20 percent in the rest of the city. Property developers took advantage of this change to construct larger apartment buildings in the neighborhood.
In the 1960s, many White residents moved out of Anacostia for majority-White suburbs in a process known as “White flight.” In 1950, more than 82 percent of Anacostia’s population was White. By 1967, only 37 percent of the population was White. White flight opened up other neighborhoods to African American residents. Many people moved out of Barry Farm–Hillsdale and new residents moved in from other parts of the city.